Physical exfoliants, like scrubs, have been a part of our skincare regimen for a long time. However, it is quite easy to overdo it and end up with flare-ups and scratches.
But What are Chemical Exfoliants?
You know, your skin is designed to shed cells every month. If not properly removed, they can build up a layer of dead cells on your skin, clogging up the pores, and resulting in a breakout.
Chemical exfoliants can help you get rid of the dead skin cells in a harmless way.
Chemical exfoliants are acids that dissolve the dead cells, aiding in their removal without having to scrub vigorously. They are available in various concentrations.
What these acids do is break the bonds in the top layer of skin cells, making it easier for them to shed off and reveal new, healthy and younger cells.
Mild exfoliants can be easily purchased over the counter but for stronger concentrations, it is recommended to have it done by a certified dermatologist. They are usually in the form of chemical peels. Chemical exfoliation is one of the key services we provide at skin brightening treatment Surrey which leaves your skin rejuvenated. It is an essential step in our hydrafacial.
Chemical exfoliation is especially useful for people who have stubborn scarring on their faces as a result of a breakout and hyperpigmentation. As the dead skin cells dissolve and shed, an even skin tone appears, giving you younger and healthier-looking skin.
Kinds of Exfoliating Acids
There are typically two different kinds of exfoliating acids that can be distinguished based on their solubility and penetrating ability.
Alpha Hydroxy Acids (AHAs)
AHAs are water-soluble acids that come mostly from sugary fruits. The most common AHAs used in skincare are Glycolic Acid, Lactic Acid, Citric Acid and Malic Acid.
Of these, Glycolic Acid is the most popular and widely used AHA in the skincare industry. Because of its smallest sized molecule than other AHAs, it can easily penetrate the skin to exfoliate it more effectively and fight off hyperpigmentation and scars.
Its key function is to increase the cell turnover by rapidly dissolving the skin-cell bonds. Glycolic acid also helps stimulate collagen production and is a magical ingredient to include in your skincare if you have a normal to combination skin type.
Beta Hydroxy Acids (BHAs)
BHAs are oil-soluble acids so they can work their way down the pores as well as work on the surface of your skin. As a result, they not only help you give a smoother skin but penetrate the pore to clear out excess sebum and clogged dead cells.
Salicylic Acid is the best-known BHA for deeply exfoliating the skin and clearing out the pore. It is a very strong exfoliant that is typically used for acne-prone and sun-damaged skin to help with inflammation and swelling.
It is also known to get the skin rid of black and whiteheads.